How do nitrates and nitrites get into water?

Most commonly found in wells, nitrates, or nitrogen-oxygen compounds, combine with both organic and inorganic materials as it makes its way to water. Nitrates are primarily the result of runoff from fertilizer use or sewage. It is not easily detectable except through regular testing and monitoring of a water supply. The introduction of nitrates into a water supply can result in serious health risks for anyone who drinks water containing too many nitrates. Expectant mothers as well as infants are especially at risk, and symptoms of overexposure to nitrates include shortness of breath and a condition known as blue baby syndrome.

How do I know if the nitrate level of my water is too high?

It is difficult for the homeowner to make this judgement call because nitrates are tasteless, colorless and odorless. The only way to know is if you have your water test by a professional.

If I have a high nitrate level in my water, what can I do?

The best way to remove nitrates from drinking water is to have Carroll Water install a reverse-osmosis (RO) system.

If you are currently experiencing a nitrate problem and you are nervous about consuming your water, try drinking store-bought bottled water for drinking or cooking. This is a good idea for anyone but especially a good idea for young children, elderly adults and even your animals. You will still want to pursue having a professional eliminate the contamination of your water as soon as possible.

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